When you have studied this chapter, you should be
able to
1 Describe the traditional performance profiling technique
and adaptations to this procedure
2 Describe and explain the theoretical roots of performance
3 Critically evaluate the profiling literature and outline the
uses, impacts and limitations of the technique
4 Understand how to use the performance profile in a variety
of ways to suit the sporting context
Books and book chapters
Butler, R. (1997). Performance profiling: Assessing the way forward. In Butler, R. J. (ed.) Sports
Psychology in Performance, pp. 33–48. Oxford, UK: Butterworth-Heinemann.
Butler, R. J. (1989). Psychological preparation of Olympic boxers. In Kremer, J. and Crawford,
W. (eds) The Psychology of Sport: Theory and practice, pp. 74–84. Belfast, Northern Ireland:
BPS Northern Ireland Branch.

Butler, R. J. and Hardy, L. (1992). The performance profile: Theory and application. The Sport
Psychologist, 6, 253–64.
Dale, G. A. and Wrisberg, C. A. (1996). The use of a performance profile technique in a
team setting: Getting the athletes and coach on the ‘same page’. The Sport Psychologist, 10,
Doyle, J. M. and Parfitt, G. (1997). Performance profiling and constructive validity. The Sport
Psychologist, 11, 411–25.
Gucciardi, D. F. and Gordon, S. (2009). Revisiting the performance profile technique:
Theoretical underpinnings and application. The Sport Psychologist, 23, 93–117.
Jones, G. (1993). The role of performance profiling in cognitive behavioral interventions in
sport. The Sport Psychologist, 7, 160–72.
Weston, N. J. V., Greenlees, I. A. and Thelwell, R. C. (2012). A review of Butler and Hardy’s
(1992) performance profiling procedure within sport. International Review of Sport and
Exercise Psychology, 5, 1–21.
The application and impact of performance profiling
in sport